Cross Roads of Civilisations
The Crusades invaded Syria at the end of the 11th century starting with the brutal taking of the City of Antioch in the far north western corner of Syria.
The Crusaders took advantage of the Seljuqs weakness and settled with heavy fortifications on the Syrian Coastal Mountains.
They then seized Jerusalem by the beginning of the 12th century.
However, the Seljuq King Nour Eddine Zengi started turning the tables against the Crusaders in the 12th century.
Salah Eddine added to this new momentum by retaking Jerusalem towards the end of the 12th century.
Nevertheless, it was the Mamluk Sultan Baibars who finally managed to bring an end to the Crusades in the Orient at the end of the 13th century.