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Historical Facts

The Roman Period

Cross Roads of Civilisations

The Roman Period in Syria started when the country was annexed as a Roman province in 64 BC.

Syria remained part of the Roman and then Byzantine empires until the 7th century, when the Arabs took it over and established the Umayyad Empire.

Syria was one of the most important Roman provinces providing food, military might and notable emperors to the Roman Empire.

Equally, many monuments in Syria were built during the Roman Period. The most prominent of these monuments in Damascus is Jupiter’s Temple which is the Umayyad Mosque today.



The World Heritage Site of Bosra is located 40km to the east of the city of Daraa in southern Syria. This ancient Roman city features one of the biggest and best preserved Roman amphitheatres in the world.