The French Mandate
The French Mandate for Syria started in 1920, shortly after the expulsion of the Ottomans in 1918.
After 400 years of Ottoman occupation, France and Britain had made plans to divide the Levant among themselves.
This took the form of a “Mandate” by which Syria and Lebanon were subjected to France’s control.
The French Mandate ended in 1945 after years of struggles by the Syrians to gain independence, struggles that saw large parts of Damascus Old City get burned down to the ground.