The Roman Period
Cross Roads of Civilisations
The Roman Period in Syria started when the country was annexed as a Roman province in 64 BC.
Syria remained as a Roman and then Byzantine province until the 7th century, when the Arabs took it over and established the Umayyad Empire.
Syria was one of the most important Roman provinces providing food, military might and notable Emperors to the Roman Empire.
Equally, many monuments in Syria were built during the Roman Period, the most prominent of which in Damascus is Jupiter’s Temple that is the Umayyad Mosque today.